How to Calculate the EMI on Loans? What Are the Easy Tricks?

How to Calculate the EMI on Loans? What Are the Easy Tricks?

Personal Loan Financial Advice & Tips
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Loans have become an integral part of our lives, helping us fulfil various financial goals and aspirations. Whether it is purchasing a home, buying a car, or funding your education, loans offer a convenient way to secure funds. However, it is crucial to understand the concept of Equated Monthly Instalments (EMIs) to manage your debt effectively. EMIs represent the monthly payments you make towards repaying your loan, including the principal amount and the interest the lender charges.

This article shares easy tricks to help you calculate EMIs on loans, empowering you to select the right loan product and helping you make informed decisions. We aim to help you take control of your finances with an EMI calculator.

Understanding EMIs

EMI stands for Equated Monthly Instalments (EMIs), which refers to the fixed amount of money a borrower pays every month towards repaying their loan. An EMI consists of two components of the loan amount—the principal and the interest. The principal is the amount borrowed, while the interest is the cost charged by the lender for providing the loan.

The calculation of EMIs depends on several factors, including the loan amount, interest rate, and loan tenure. Generally, EMIs remain constant throughout the loan tenure, but the proportion of the principal and interest components changes over time. The interest component is higher during the initial months, while the principal component gradually increases as the loan matures.

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Factors Affecting EMIs

While the EMI calculation formula remains constant, several factors can influence the EMIs on your loans:

  1. Loan Amount:

    Higher loan amounts lead to larger EMIs, assuming all other factors remain constant.

  2. Interest Rate:

    A higher interest rate results in larger EMIs, while a lower rate reduces the monthly instalment.

  3. Loan Tenure:

    Longer tenures lead to smaller EMIs but result in higher overall interest payments. Shorter tenures imply larger EMIs but reduce the interest burden.

  4. Prepayments:

    Making prepayments towards your loan principal can significantly reduce your overall interest payment and, in turn, decrease the remaining EMIs.

Calculating EMIs

To calculate EMIs manually, you can use the following formula:

EMI =  P x r x (1+r)^n / [(1+r)^n-1]

Where:

EMI: Equated Monthly Instalment

P: Principal Loan Amount

r: Monthly Interest Rate (annual interest rate divided by 12)

n: Loan Tenure in months

For example, let us assume you borrow ₹100,000 for a duration of 5 years (60 months) at an annual interest rate of 6%. To calculate the EMI, follow these steps:

Step 1: Convert the annual interest rate to a monthly rate: r = 6/12/100 = 0.005

Step 2: Calculate the number of months: n = 5 × 12 = 60

Step 3: Substitute the values into the EMI formula:

EMI = 100,000 × 0.005 × (1 0.005)^60 / ((1 0.005)^60 – 1)

EMI ≈ ₹1,943.32

Remember, this formula provides an approximate EMI value. In practice, financial institutions may consider additional factors, such as processing fees or prepayment charges, which could slightly affect the final EMI amount.

Easy Tricks to Simplify EMI Calculations

While the above formula may seem straightforward, some easy tricks can simplify your EMI calculations:

  1. Online EMI Calculators

    Thanks to technological advancements, many online tools and calculators are available to simplify the EMI calculation process. These tools require you to input the loan amount, interest rate, and tenure, and they instantly give users the relevant computation. Online EMI calculators are user-friendly, free, and accessible on websites of financial institutions or dedicated financial planning platforms. By using these calculators, you can save time and accurately determine your monthly instalment.

  2. Excel Functions

    Leveraging spreadsheet software like Microsoft Excel can streamline EMI calculations. Excel provides functions like PMT (Payment) that allow you to calculate your EMIs with ease. You can swiftly obtain the EMI value by entering the loan details into the formula.

  3. Using Approximations

    If you need a quick estimate of your EMI, you can employ the approximation method. For instance, assuming a constant interest rate, divide the principal amount by the loan tenure in months to obtain an approximate EMI value. While this method may be partially accurate, it provides a close estimate for initial calculations.

  4. Amortisation Schedules

    Amortisation schedules display the repayment schedule spread throughout the loan tenure, including the principal and interest breakup/composition. Such schedules, which are often available with loan agreements or can be generated using online tools, can help you understand how your EMI contributions impact the principal and interest components over time.

  5. Using EMI Calculation Apps

    Mobile applications designed specifically for calculating EMIs can simplify the process further. These apps are available on both Android and iOS platforms and can be customised per your loan requirements. They often offer additional features like loan comparison, graphical representations, and payment reminders, enhancing the overall loan management experience.

  6. Considering Prepayment Options

    If you plan to make prepayments to reduce your loan burden, it is essential to understand how these prepayments affect EMIs. Several lending institutions provide online calculators or formulae to calculate revised EMIs after prepayment. By incorporating prepayments, you can assess the potential savings in interest payments and the reduction in the overall loan tenure.

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Tips to Manage Loan EMIs

Managing EMIs effectively is crucial for financial stability. Here are some tips to help you meet this objective:

  1. Budgeting:

    Ensure that your EMI payments fit well within your monthly budget. Carefully evaluate your income and expenses to determine a realistic repayment plan.

  2. Negotiating Interest Rates:

    Before finalising a loan, explore the products offered by different lenders and negotiate interest rates to secure the best possible terms. Even a slight reduction in the interest rate can make a significant difference in your monthly payments.

  3. Considering Prepayment Options:

    Whenever possible, make partial prepayments towards your loan principal. This reduces the outstanding balance, lowers the overall interest burden, and shortens the loan tenure.

  4. Planning for Contingencies:

    Build an emergency fund to handle unforeseen circumstances such as job loss or medical emergencies. This ensures that you can continue making loan repayments even during challenging times.

Conclusion

Calculating EMIs on loans need not be a daunting task. You can quickly compute your monthly instalments under various loan scenarios by interpreting the formula and using an online EMI calculator. Additionally, by considering factors affecting EMIs and adopting smart strategies to manage your debt, you can maintain financial stability and ensure timely repayments.

Empower yourself with the knowledge of EMI calculations and take control of your financial decisions. Remember, informed decisions lead to better financial outcomes.

AUTHOR

KreditBee As a market leader in the Fintech industry, we strive to bring you the best information to help you manage finances better. These blogs aim to make complicated monetary matters a whole lot simpler.